Is This a Bull Market or Bear Market? Yes!

Written by Mark Cawyer on Jun 16, 2017
Bull or Bear

As we kick off the new Navigo Wealth blog, we thought a brief primer in how to assess markets from multiple perspectives would be a good launching point.  There are many directions to turn when discussing current market conditions, and we will drill down to many micro topics in the future.  However, in the interest of keeping blogs relatively short, we will stay macro at this point.

So where are we…in a bull market or bear market? 

We could answer yes to both, actually.  It all depends on the time perspective at which you are looking.  In order to fully understand the economic and market landscape, we need to consider the market from three different perspectives:

Secular Market

A secular market is a very long-term perspective over 15-25 years driven more by the long-term economic conditions within the generational debt cycle.

As many investors know, the conditions during the 80s and 90s were starkly different than those of the 60s and 70s.  Average annualized returns for equities (stocks) during the 80s and 90s were in the 17-18% range; you couldn’t go wrong.  Average returns were closer to 6% in the 60s and 70s.  The conditions since 2000 have been noticeably different than those of the 80s and 90s as well.  Since 2000, the S&P 500 annualized returns are not even 4.5%.

It is these 15-25 year periods that we consider as being very long-term, or secular.  Accordingly, markets were in a secular bull market in the 40s and 50s, a secular bear market in the 60s and 70s, a secular bull market in the 80s and 90s, and a secular bear market since 2000.  You’ll notice these periods alternate between bull and bear.  That is no coincidence, but that is a topic for another time.

From this perspective, we are in a secular bear market.

Long-term Market

A long-term market is a trend period, generally spanning 2-8 years, driven by shorter to intermediate term economic and liquidity cycles.

Within the secular bear market we have been in since 2000, we have seen several significant ups and downs that spanned several years at times.  The 2000 to 2002 period was a long-term bear market, while the 2003 to 2007 period was a long-term bull market.  Beginning in late 2007 we began a long-term bear market that lasted until March of 2009.  From that point, we began a significant march upward that is now going on 8 years.

From this perspective, we are in a mature long-term bull market.

Intermediate Term Market

This is a market trend that generally lasts between 2 and 12 months.

Within the long-term bull market we have been in since 2009, we have seen numerous periods where the markets had noticeable intermediate term moves upward – 2009 into 2010, 2012 into 2013, and 2016 into 2017.  We saw periods where the market had noticeable intermediate term moves downward – during 2011 and 2015 most notably.

From this perspective, we are in an intermediate term bull market.

So what does this tell us and where are we headed?

The value of looking at markets from this perspective, is it gives us an appropriate understanding of what type of market environment we are currently in and what lies ahead.

Once we understand the secular market is driven by the undeniable, repeatable debt cycle (again, a topic for another time), we can understand what is truly going on behind the scenes; we know what to look for before markets transition into the next secular market period.

SPOILER ALERT:  As we will get into the nitty gritty of the generational debt cycles in upcoming posts, I will tell you what we are looking for at this stage of the game in the current secular cycle is a debt reckoning; a painful economic period in which the large debt buildup eventually chokes the economy and goes through a repudiation process.

Bottom Line 

We are in an Intermediate term bull market, within a long-term bull market, within a secular bear market.  Don’t be fooled; the 2 out of 3 majority rule does not mean it could be smooth sailing from here.  Until the reckoning of debt plays out, we should be mindful that the intermediate term and long-term bull markets will certainly transition to bear markets again at some point.  Once both of those re-align with the secular bear market, we will find ourselves right back in the conditions of ’00-’02 and ’07-’09.

Keep this in mind…all significant debt bubbles pop, and this is the largest one in history by far now.  Once this one pops, the bear market within a bear market within a bear market should be one for the ages.

Historically during the secular reckoning bear phase, it usually takes 2 or 3 long term bear markets before the job of debt liquidation is complete.  We will soon be approaching our 3rd such bear market, and the relative debt numbers are bigger than ever.  In other words, this upcoming long-term bear market has a sizable job to do.

Hopefully, you can appreciate how critical portfolio protection should be as part of your investment discipline.  For those that continue following the sheep herd through the indexing, buy-hold, and hope gates…well you know where this is going.  It won’t be pretty, and the timing of this next major bear market could be life altering to many in their later stages of working or in retirement.

The markets will likely see a few more new highs before this mature long-term bull market comes to an end.  However, we should remember that an 8 year long term bull market is about as long as they last historically.  Unfortunately, the longer it lasts from here, the more bullish and complacent the crowd becomes making it more dangerous for everyone.

We are confident in what lies ahead; we just don’t quite know how or when we get there.  Keep in mind that greener pastures do lie ahead once we do eventually move into a new secular bull market well down the road.  Until then, remember that protection should be as important as growth; have a proven approach and a plan and stick to it.

Posted By Navigo Wealth Management

Client First

As fiduciaries, our commitment is first and foremost to our clients and their financial future. Our fee-only structure creates a common goal between you and your advisor.

Proven Strategies

We employ an investment methodology and strategies that are proven to consistently grow your portfolios in both bull and bear markets.

Unlimited Options

As an independent firm, we have access to unlimited investment options and provide you with unbiased advice.